Fishery Improvement Projects

Peru Mahi

  • Species Name: Mahi mahi (Coryphaena hippurus)
  • Location/Region: Peru EEZ and international waters of the Eastern Pacific Ocean
  • Gear Type: Longline
  • Volume: 53,297 MT (annual average)

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Peru Mahi

FIP Stage: 4 (Improvements in Fishing Practices or Fishery Management)
Last Updated: October 1, 2018

The Peruvian mahi mahi fishery includes over 4,200 fishermen and is one of the country’s most important artisanal fisheries. Peru is the leading mahi mahi producer worldwide, with over 70% of its exports going to the United States. 

Critical issues challenging this fishery include the high number of unlicensed vessels in the fishery, and lack of effective national and international management of mahi mahi, a highly migratory species. The fishery also needs additional data on how fishing interacts with other species including endangered sea turtles and sharks. 

The active involvement of FIP Stakeholders, including the Ministry of Production and Peruvian Institute of the Sea, and FIP Participants drives improvements against the Marine Stewardship Council standard.

  • © Antonio Busiello | WWF-US

  • © Diego Perez | WWF-US


FIP efforts address governance, fishing practices, and environmental impacts of the fishery so that it can meet the MSC standard. This work is steered by FIP Participants and FIP stakeholders and includes:
  • Establishing and strengthening fishing cooperatives and working with them to obtain fishing licenses and improve their collection of catch data. In June 2018, more than 500 vessels from two fishing cooperatives in Piura, representing approximately 20% of the mahi mahi fleet, received fishing permits.

  • Piloting a mobile electronic catch data system with fishers to record their catch.

  • Working to reduce sea turtle and seabird mortality in the mahi mahi fishery by training fishers to better handle and release turtles and seabirds entangled in fishing gear.

  • Working with Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission scientists to develop recommended reference points and harvest control rules to help manage the mahi mahi fisheries in the eastern Pacific Ocean.

  • Facilitating regular meetings between Ecuador and Peru to agree upon binational management measures for mahi mahi.


We encourage action across the supply chain to support FIP progress. A FIP Participant is an industry member that is part of the seafood supply chain for the FIP product and is actively engaged in supporting the FIP.
  • AFFCO Trading, Inc.

  • Hyatt Corporation

  • Orca Bay Seafoods, Inc.

  • Sodexo

  • The Fishin’ Company

  • Costco Wholesale

  • IncredibleFish Inc.

  • Pescanova USA


  • The Kroger Co.

  • D&E Import LLC

  • Inland Seafood

  • Sea Delight, LLC

  • Sysco Corporation

  • Tri-Union Frozen Products

How Can I Become a FIP Participant?

A FIP Participant is an industry member that is part of the seafood supply chain for the FIP product (e.g., retailers, food service providers, suppliers, manufacturers, etc.) and is actively engaged in supporting the FIP. WWF-US encourages support of FIP participants, and will acknowledge FIP Participants on our sustainable seafood website and in other communications regarding our FIP work.

To be considered by WWF-US as a FIP Participant the participating entity is expected to follow the WWF-US FIP Participant Policy.

For more information about what a FIP is and how you can play a role, please contact


The Marine Stewardship Council uses 28 performance indicators to assess the sustainability of fisheries. The chart represents the percentage of indicators that would likely pass, pass with conditions for improvement, or fail upon the fishery’s full assessment.

Peru Mahi Project FIP Status

Initial Assessment

Implementing Improvements

We use a step-wise process to evaluate the fishery’s performance and identify sustainability issues, and then to implement improvements and report results. Want to dive deeper into this FIP’s progress on each of the MSC performance indicators? Visit

Engaging Industry to Advance Mahi Mahi Sustainability

US businesses are backing Peru’s mahi mahi fishery in a big way. The Peruvian government recently received a letter from 26 major US-based seafood buyers and importers pledging their support for the Peruvian mahi mahi fishery improvement project and urged officials to actively participate in the advancement of the fishery toward the Marine Stewardship Council standard.

Peruvian Government Cracks Down on Illegal Fishing

Fisheries and farms across the globe support the livelihoods of 59.6 million people who rely on fishing and fishing related activities for income, and about 3.2 billion people who depend on fish as an important part of their diet. But illegal fishing is threatening the food supply of coastal communities as fish populations decline due to overfishing in areas fishers are not permitted to access. Fortunately, in Peru—one of the world’s leading producers of mahi mahi and squid—the government is taking action to clamp down on illegal fishing.

Get Involved

Become a FIP Participant

By signing on to support a FIP you are joining forces with other leaders in the industry that seek to help conserve marine ecosystems, protect livelihoods, and increase the number of sustainable fisheries and the overall supply of sustainable seafood.


© Antonio Busiello | WWF-US