Peru Jumbo Flying Squid

Fishery Improvement Projects

Peru Jumbo Flying Squid

  • Species Name: Jumbo Squid (Dosidicus gigas)
  • Location/Region: Peru Territorial Waters (200 nautical miles) and International Water of the Eastern Pacific Ocean
  • Gear Type: Squid jig
  • Volume: 456,185 MT (2022)

© Transmarina
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Peru Jumbo Flying Squid

FIP Stage: 4 (FIP Implementation)
Progress Rating: C (Some Recent Progress)
Start Date: February 2018
Last Updated: September 2023

The Jumbo squid fishery is the largest artisanal fishery in Peru in terms of landings and has the highest socioeconomic importance due to the number of fishers involved. More than 30% of the catches are exported to US and EU markets.

Critical issues challenging this fishery include the high number of unlicensed vessels targeting squid, and lack of effective national and international management of this highly migratory species.

The active involvement of FIP Stakeholders, including Peruvian authorities, the National Society of Industries (SNI), and Spanish, French, and US seafood businesses, as well as FIP Participants drives improvements against the Marine Stewardship Council standard.

Jumbo Squid catch in Peru

© Luis Carrera | WWF Peru


FIP efforts address governance, fishing practices, and environmental impacts of the fishery so that it can meet the MSC standard. This work is steered by FIP participants and FIP stakeholders and includes:
  • Improving monitoring procedures of the fleet to improve the collection of data to inform the stock assessment.

  • Establishing and strengthening fishing cooperatives and working with them to obtain fishing licenses and improve their collection of catch data by piloting a new mobile electronic catch documentation system.

  • Working with the Peruvian government and the South Pacific Regional Fishery Management Organization (SPRFMO) to improve the management and governance of the fishery.


We encourage action across the supply chain to support FIP progress. A FIP Participant is an industry member that is part of the seafood supply chain for the FIP product and is actively engaged in supporting the FIP.

How Can I Become a FIP Participant?

A FIP Participant is an industry member that is part of the seafood supply chain for the FIP product (e.g., retailers, food service providers, suppliers, manufacturers, etc.) and is actively engaged in supporting the FIP. WWF-US encourages support of FIP participants, and will acknowledge FIP Participants on our sustainable seafood website and in other communications regarding our FIP work.

To be considered by WWF-US as a FIP Participant the participating entity is expected to follow the WWF-US FIP Participant Policy.

For more information about what a FIP is and how you can play a role, please contact


The Marine Stewardship Council uses 28 performance indicators to assess the sustainability of fisheries. The chart represents the percentage of indicators that would likely pass, pass with conditions for improvement, or fail upon the fishery’s full assessment.

Peru Jumbo Flying Squid FIP Status

Initial Assessment

Implementing Improvements

We use a step-wise process to evaluate the fishery’s performance and identify sustainability issues, and then to implement improvements and report results. Want to dive deeper into this FIP’s progress on each of the MSC performance indicators? Visit



The fishery has achieved the following impacts through improved practices and management
  • Over 800 fishing permits have been issued to boat owners within fishing cooperatives, and the government of Peru expects to issue more than 3,000 additional permits to individual boat owners over the next few years

  • A new framework for the jumbo squid stock assessment has been developed by the Peruvian Institute of the Sea for Peruvian waters which was submitted to the Scientific Committee of the SPRFMO with potential to be expanded to the wider SPRFMO Convention Area.

  • Over 200 fishers from three fishing cooperatives that have obtained their permits are registering their catches through TrazApp, an electronic catch documentation system developed participatively with them and WWF, as part of their obligations to maintain their fishing permits.

Fisherman in Peru reels in jumbo squid

© Luis Carrera | WWF Peru

Peru government cracks down on illegal fishing to protect the country’s squid fishery

July 12, 2018

While most of the fish caught and traded in Peru may be done so legally, over 60% of vessels in Peru’s artisanal mahi and squid fleet are unlicensed and unregistered, making it difficult to verify the products’ provenance.

To address this issue, WWF has been working with the government for the past two years to implement a pilot program to create and strengthen fishing cooperatives which will reduce illegal, unregulated, and unreported (IUU) fishing.


Get Involved

Become a FIP Participant

By signing on to support a FIP you are joining forces with other leaders in the industry that seek to help conserve marine ecosystems, protect livelihoods, and increase the number of sustainable fisheries and the overall supply of sustainable seafood.


© Antonio Busiello | WWF-US